The shock to the Eurozone job market in 2020 was considerable. Hardest hit were southern countries, young people and women.
The disruption of global supply chains has been a wakeup call for the European Union. For years, the principle of an open and free Single Market has led to a massive transfer of industrial production and outsourcing mainly to Asia.
Since the mid-1980s, the macroeconomic volatility has declined to a postwar low. The Covid-19 crisis brought one of the largest economic shock in modern history and could mark the end of the Great Moderation i.e. a turning point with higher economic volatility and a shift to a higher inflation regime. Those factors are likely to lead to higher financial market volatility than in the previous two decades.
Predicting the growth and bursting of bubbles is a difficult task, even considered as impossible by some. In fact, bubbles can last for a long time and are only apparent when they burst. Calling them too early can lead to suboptimal allocation.
"New monetary policy possibilities could in theory be vast."