The technical book Robustness and Evolvability in Living Systems summarizes research on how living things have managed to thrive and grow, especially by warding off harmful influences of mutation and genetic change.
Central to the solution is that most living things live in a vast neutral space where there are many separate solutions to ward off problems.
Central to the solution is the concept of robustness. Robustness comes from two mechanisms — redundancy and distributed ways of solving survivability.
The organisms have multiple parts, each with a different role in compensating for mutations and invasions of genetic material. The book is about dna and proteins and how they evolve to create sustainability and preclude fragility.
How does something like the stock market maintain its growth while being buffeted by mutations of economic and political systems and problems such as wars and inflations. How does it cope? The book contains many technical examples at the bio level.
I would opine that the key is the competition between interest rates and regulatory capture of the dominant players. No matter what happens when you can get a return of 15% on invested capital versus 2% on interest rates, the neutral space has a million ways of warding off mutations, invasions and threats. What other mechanism do you see?